The Golden Retriever was bred to be a bird dog, chiefly for hunting waterfowl. The breeds are a result, of crossing spaniels, setters, and an older Newfoundland breed. The result was a breed with a hardy ability, strong swimming dog, capable of withstanding cold water, track wounded game and deal with crippled birds. The golden retriever has a water-repellent coat.
Goldens are patient dogs able to sit for hours in a blind. Unlike other more hard-charging flushing upland dog breeds, Goldens work the 20-30- yard range for birds. Goldens are athletic, maintaining an innate desire to please. Known for their brains and athleticism, hunting line goldens are smaller, with shorter coats.
Golden retrievers are good bird dogs and exceptional family pets. They are a flusher on upland game birds and can boast true versatility.
Golden retriever males are 23 to 24 inches tall and weigh about 65 to 75 pounds (29 to 32 kilograms).
Females are about 21 to 22 inches tall and weigh about 55 to 65 pounds (25 to 29 kilograms).